Republic Day 2022: History, significance, interesting facts, all you need to know

Jan 26, 2022

Highlights

  • India will celebrate the 73rd Republic Day on January 26, 2022.
  • The day holds importance because this is when the Indian Constitution came into effect.

India is all set to celebrate the 73rd Republic Day on January 26, 2022. The day holds importance because the Constitution of India came into force and India became a sovereign state on January 26, 1950. While India gained independence from the British Raj in 1947, it was this day that India became a republic. The day is celebrated as a national holiday. One of the major attractions of this day is the parade, which begins at Rajpath in New Delhi and ends at India Gate.

Like every year, the President of India will unfurl the national flag of India, also known as Tiranga, or tricolor, at the Red Fort, New Delhi. 

History and significance

India adopted the Constitution, written by BR Ambedkar on January 26, 1950, and ever since then the day is commemorated as Republic Day. The Constitution of India governs the country. India needed an independent constitution to protect the rights of citizens and the principles of running a nation. BR Ambedkar was India’s first law minister and chief architect of the Indian Constitution.

The reason why January 26 was chosen as the Republic Day was that on this day in the year 1930, Indian National Congress (INC) proclaimed the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) rejecting the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.

Additionally, Constitution Day is celebrated in India on November 26 every year, as on November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India.

Interesting facts

Every Indian is aware of the importance of Republic Day in making the country a sovereign state. But, here are some interesting facts about Republic Day, that makes it more special:

  1. Republic Day is celebrated at Rajpath in the national capital followed by parades, a tableau of the states, artillery display, etc.
  2. The much-awaited annual parade begins at Rajpath, Delhi, and ends at the India Gate.
  3. The ceremonious event also showcases India's cultural and social heritage, parades, and airshows by the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. 
  4. President of India distributes Padma Awards to the deserving civilians of the country.
  5. Live webcast of the Republic Day Parade is also made accessible every year.

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